Columbus State University Archives

Columbus Whitewater Historical Sites


Columbus Whitewater Historical Sites


Nathan DeLoach


Sites surrounding Columbus, Georgia Whitewater Express Trail along the Chattahoochee River.


Columbus State University-Nathan DeLoach (Student)


Google Maps




Becoming very renown in the city of Columbus, Ga., the Whitewater Express encompasses among the shores of its waters a selection of historical sites that are significant to the city. These sites can be seen on this interactive map displaying each sites location around the Chattahoochee River and a brief depiction of its significance to the city.

Date Created

March 8, 2014


For all interested in the Whitewater Express and historical sites.

Collection Items

9. 14th Street Bridge (Civil War Skirmish).
Late in the war, on April 16th, 1865, Union General James Wilson arrived on the west side of Girard, now Phenix City, Alabama. Having taken the cities of Selma and Montgomery, Wilson planned an attack on one of the major industrial hubs in the South,…

7. The Mott House
Built by slave labor, the Mott House was completed in 1839 for James Calhoun who was both a mill owner and the city’s mayor. James, cousin to vice-president of the United States John Calhoun, was one of the major land speculators who benefited…

15. Iron Works & Arsenal
Since their founding in the mid-19th century, the Iron Works and One Arsenal Place first manufactured agricultural tools for the local plantation economy. During the Civil War, these facilities became a lead producer of textiles and gunboat parts for…

13. Eagle and Phenix Mills
Owned by William Young, the Eagle Mill was built in 1851. Throughout the city, seventy percent of the mill workers were women and children as they had small and more dexterous hands, and they were cheaper to hire. During the Civil War, Columbus…

6. City Mills
Seaborn Jones, a wealthy planter and Congressman, moved to Columbus in 1828. Purchasing a tract of riverfront property, he built the city’s first hydro-powered gristmill (corn and flour). In 1865, Union forces burned the City Mills and it was…

10. Phenix City Story
In the first half of the twentieth century, Phenix City, Alabama became a notorious haven of crime. Prohibition in Alabama began in 1915 (ended in 1933) and Phenix City developed as a large-scale alcohol manufacturing and distribution hub, along…

11. Columbus at Play
From the Creek game of stickball ( from which the game of lacrosse developed) in the nineteenth century along the banks of the river, to the twenty-first century whitewater rafting, Columbus’ recreation history is rich and colorful. Recreation…

12. Establishing Phenix City.
In June 1832, local entrepreneur Daniel McDougald and Robert Collins from Macon paid $35,000 for the one square mile grant directly across the Chattahoochee from Columbus that the Treaty awarded to mixed blood Benjamin Marshall. They published in the…

3. Fall Line Rapids
Like its sister cities Macon, Milledgeville, and Augusta, Columbus, Georgia is located on the fall line. This predominant geological feature divides the more resistant geology of the Piedmont and the sedimentary rock Coastal Plain. The city is home…

16. Creek Indians
The Creek Indians, British, and Spanish colonists had established trading relationships in the American southeast since the seventeenth century. The Creeks were adept diplomats between these two European powers. However, the newly formed nation of…

17. Establishing Columbus
There were settlements on both banks of the Chattahoochee prior to the founding of Columbus. The community of Wewoka was home to three hundred people who lived in log cabins and tents along the eastern banks of the river. Residents were involved in…

5. Slavery and Trade
The trade in slaves and the labor they produced was the foundation of Columbus both in supporting the plantation economy of cotton and the city’s rising industrial power. Slaves built and worked in the mills and they labored as blacksmiths,…

14. Horace King-Bridge builder
Born into slavery in South Carolina, Horace King (1807-1885) and his owner John Godwin moved to Columbus in 1832 to support the rapid development of recently ceded Creek lands. King and Godwin’s initial contract was Columbus’ first bridge…

The Chattahoochee River was an essential resource in deciding to locate the new city of Columbus, GA in 1828. The city saw the construction of three dams. As the city was established the City Mills dam was built to capture power to grind corn and…

Rapid on the Whitewater Express.

Rapid on the Whitewater Express

Rapid on the Whitewater Express

Rapid on the Whitewater Express

Rapid on the Whitewater Express

Rapid on the Whitewater Express
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